If you or someone you know is at risk for high or low blood pressure, you may need to purchase a manual blood pressure test kit at home.
It takes a little practice to learn how to measure blood pressure manually, but once you get the hang of it, it’s pretty easy. You need to know what to wear, when to check the pressure, how to do it correctly and how to interpret the results.
With a little practice, you will be able to understand how to read systolic and diastolic pressure values and what the numbers actually mean.
#1. preparing for a blood pressure test
1. Make sure you have the correct size tensioner. A standard blood pressure cuff sold in pharmacies will fit most adults. However, if you have short or wide arms, or want to take your child’s blood pressure, you may need a different method.
- Please check the size of the tensioner before purchasing. See line “index”. Spectral line on tension cuff ensures a snug fit. Once attached to the patient’s arm, this marker will indicate whether the circumference of your arm matches the “spectrum” area of the tension cuff.
- If you use the wrong size tension collar, you may get incorrect measurements.
2. Avoid factors that increase blood pressure. Blood pressure can rise sharply in many situations. To obtain accurate measurement results, you or the patient should avoid the following situations before measuring blood pressure.
- Factors that can affect blood pressure include stress, smoking, exercise, low temperature, full stomach, full bladder, caffeine, and certain medications.
- Blood pressure can change throughout the day. If you need to measure a patient’s blood pressure regularly, try to do it at the same time each day.
3. Find a quiet place. You need to listen to your own or the patient’s heartbeat, so you need to find a quiet place. A quiet place is a quiet place so that people in this place are relaxed, not stressed when you measure your blood pressure. This way you will get accurate results.
4. take it easy. Because physical stress can affect blood pressure readings, you or the patient should feel comfortable. For example, go to the toilet before taking your blood pressure. You better stay warm. Find a warm room. If the room is cold, put on an extra layer of clothing to keep warm.
- Also, if you have a headache or headache, try to resolve the problem before taking your blood pressure.
5. Loosen tight sleeves. Pull up your left sleeve or put on a shirt that reveals your shoulder. Blood pressure should be measured with the left hand so that the sleeve on the shoulder of the left arm is open.
6. Rest 5 to 10 minutes. Resting before taking a measurement can make your heart rate and blood pressure more stable.
7. Find a comfortable and suitable place to take your blood pressure. Sit on a chair near the table. Place your left hand on the table. Hold your left hand so that it is on the line of the heart. Make sure your palms are facing up.
- sit straight. Your back should be arched back and your legs should not be crossed.
#2. cuff positioning
1. Find your pulse. Place your middle and index fingers in the center of the inside of your elbow. With gentle pressure, you will feel the pulse of the brachial artery in this position.
- If you are having trouble finding your pulse, place the stethoscope head (the round part at the end of the tube) in the same area and listen until you hear a pulse.
2. Wrap the tension cuff around your wrist. Insert the cuff into the end of the metal loop and place it over your upper arm. The cuff is usually about 1 inch (2.5 cm) above the crook of the elbow and should fit snugly enough around the arm.
- Make sure your skin doesn’t stick to the cuff when you tie it tight. The cuffs are usually equipped with Velcro protection so that they can be fastened securely.
3. Tie two fingers under the cuff to test its strength. If you can run your finger under the top end but not under it, the connection is strong enough. If you can still move your finger under the cuff, you will need to untie the cuff and reattach it firmly before you can secure it.
4. Insert the head of the stethoscope under the cuff. The head of the stethoscope should be pointing down and the widest part should be in direct contact with the skin. The device should be positioned directly over the pulsating brachial artery that you tested.
- Also insert the earpiece of the stethoscope into your ear. This object should be facing forward and towards the tip of your nose.
5. Install the meter and pump. The meter and pressure pump must be placed in a conspicuous place. Gently hold the glucometer in the palm of your left hand while measuring your blood pressure. As long as the meter is still clearly visible, you can hold it in any position that suits you. You must hold the pump in your right hand.
- If necessary, turn the screw in the pump ball counterclockwise to shut off the air flow.
#3. blood pressure measurement
1. Inflate the tension cuff. Squeeze the pump ball quickly until you hear a pulse on the stethoscope. Stop when the reading is 30-40 mmHg. Art. above your normal blood pressure.
- If you do not know your normal blood pressure, inflate the cuff until the meter reads 160–180 mmHg.
2. Remove air from the cuff. Instead of an air supply valve by turning the screw counterclockwise. Let the cuff slowly loosen.
- The gauge should move down one or two lines at 2 mm per second.
3. Find a systolic reading. Record your meter reading when you hear your heartbeat again. This measurement is the result of a systolic reading.
- Systolic blood pressure refers to the pressure of blood against the walls of arteries when the heart is pumping blood. This is the blood pressure that occurs when the heart contracts.
4. Find the diastolic reading. Record your meter reading at the exact moment your heartbeat stops. This measurement is the result of a diastolic reading.
- Diastolic blood pressure refers to the blood pressure between heartbeats.
5. Take a break and repeat the test. Let the cuff deflate completely. After a few minutes, follow the same steps to take another measurement. If blood pressure is still high, consider comparing the results with the other arm.
- Errors can occur when measuring blood pressure, especially if you are not used to it. Therefore, it is very important to double-check your results with a second blood pressure measurement.
#4. interpretation of indications
1. Know what normal blood pressure is. For adults, blood pressure must be less than 120 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure must be less than 80 mmHg.
- This range is considered “normal”. To keep your blood pressure in this range, you need to lead a healthy lifestyle, including diet and exercise.
2. Watch for signs of prehypertension. Prehypertension is not dangerous, but people with this condition are at risk of developing hypertension in the future. Adults with high blood pressure will have a systolic blood pressure of 120 to 139 mmHg. and diastolic blood pressure of 80 to 89 mmHg.
- Consult your doctor to make dietary and lifestyle changes to lower your blood pressure.
3. Recognize the symptoms of grade 1 hypertension. In grade 1 hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, adult systolic blood pressure is 140 to 159 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure is 90 to 99 mmHg.
- High blood pressure requires professional treatment. Make an appointment with your doctor so he can prescribe the right high blood pressure medication.
4. Check to see if you have grade 2 hypertension or high blood pressure. This is a serious disease that requires professional treatment. If your systolic blood pressure is 160 mm Hg. Art., and blood pressure above 100 mm Hg. Art., you have stage 2 arterial hypertension.
5. Realize that blood pressure can also be too low. If your systolic blood pressure is about 85 mm Hg. Art., and diastolic blood pressure – about 55 mm Hg. your blood pressure may be too low. Symptoms of low blood pressure include dizziness, fainting, dehydration, difficulty concentrating, visual disturbances, nausea, fatigue, depression, shortness of breath, and skin sweating.
- Consult your doctor to find out the causes of low blood pressure, as well as ways to normalize it.
6. See your doctor if you suspect symptoms of high blood pressure or low blood pressure. Your doctor will check your blood pressure again to make sure the reading is correct. If you have high blood pressure or high blood pressure, your doctor will suggest ways to lower your blood pressure. This includes lifestyle changes if you have high blood pressure, as well as medications if you have high blood pressure.
- The doctor may check for other conditions that interfere with normal blood pressure, especially if the patient is already on medication.
- If you are already taking medicines to treat blood pressure disorders, your doctor may recommend that you get therapy or get tested to look for other health problems that are making the medicine less effective.