Heart attacks often occur when a person is alone and can save lives by knowing what to do when the symptoms of a heart attack occur. Continue reading this article for more information.
Know the warning sign
Find the most common symptoms. The most obvious and common symptom of a heart attack is chest pain or discomfort, but other typical symptoms should also be noted.
Chest pain usually occurs in the center of the chest. This discomfort can also be described as chest weight, tightness, tightness, pain, burning, numbness, fullness, tightness, tightness, and the pain can last for several minutes. You can go and go back. It can be mistaken for indigestion or heartburn (a burning sensation in the chest when stomach acid rises in the esophagus) .
You may also experience pain and discomfort in other parts of your upper body, such as your arms, left shoulder, back, neck, chin, and stomach.
Other symptoms associated with a heart attack include:
Sweating or “cold” sweating.
Feeling full, indigestion or choking
Nausea or vomiting
Lightheadedness, dizziness, severe weakness, or extreme anxiety
Fast and irregular heartbeat
Symptoms may differ in women. Women often have chest pain and other common heart attack symptoms, but heart attack symptoms are more likely to be less common.
These symptoms are as follows:
Upper back or shoulder pain
Jaw pain or pain that spreads to the jaw
Pain in the arm
Abnormal fatigue for several days
Difficult to fall asleep
About 78% of women with a heart attack had at least one other common or abnormal symptom for at least one month before the heart attack.
Do not underestimate the symptoms. People often think of a heart attack as fatal and immediate, but in reality most heart attacks are mild and can last for an hour or more. But even a simple heart attack is just as dangerous. Therefore, if the above symptoms persist for more than 5 minutes, life safety measures should be taken.
Try to get treatment for a heart attack within an hour of the first symptoms. If you wait more than an hour, it will be difficult for your heart to repair the damage. The main goal is to reopen the narrowed artery within 90 minutes to minimize damage as much as possible.
People often wait for treatment because they think their symptoms are different from what they expected or are related to other health problems. It can also delay treatment because you are young and suspected of having a heart attack, or because you deny that your symptoms are terrible and try to avoid the embarrassment of going to the hospital for a “false alarm.” I have. “
Call 1-2-1 immediately. The most important thing to do if you suspect you have a heart attack is to call an emergency medical service.
Be sure to call 1-2-1 before calling anyone. This is usually the quickest treatment and can provide guidance on how 1-1-2 operators can minimize damage from a heart attack, even if they live in areas that are difficult to reach by ambulance. increase.
Calling 1-1-2 is a better option than asking friends and family for help, as emergency assistance will begin to provide assistance as soon as it arrives.
Call someone and consider coming soon. If you have trusted neighbors or relatives who live nearby, call back and ask them to meet you. If you have a sudden heart attack, having someone nearby can be very helpful.
Do this only if you allow the 1-1-2 operator to hang up, or if you can operate the second row while the operator is on the first row.
Do not rely on anyone to take you to the hospital unless the operator calls 1-1-2. Wait for the rescuers to appear.
Chew aspirin. Chew and swallow 325 mg uncoated aspirin tablets. It is most effective if done within 30 minutes of the first symptoms.
Aspirin inhibits platelets, the main component of thrombus formation. Taking aspirin can delay the formation of blood clots that can block arteries during a heart attack.
Do not use enteric coated tablets as they are very slow to absorb and do not have many advantages.
Chew aspirin before swallowing. Chewable aspirin can be used to swallow the drug directly into the stomach and promote its absorption into the bloodstream.
Do not take this medicine if you are taking medicines that should not be taken with aspirin, or if your doctor tells you not to take aspirin.
Don’t try to drive . It is not recommended to drive to the hospital alone. If you start to have a heart attack while driving, you should immediately stop on the side of the road.
The only reason you should consider self-driving cars in the hospital is if you have thoroughly investigated all options and think that self-driving cars are the only way to get emergency medical care.
If you have a complete heart attack, you are more likely to eventually die. This is the main reason why driving is not recommended during a heart attack.
calm down. As scary as a heart attack, being in a hurry or panicking can exacerbate the problem. Try to be as calm as possible to stabilize and calm your heart rate.
To calm you, evoke calming memories and make sure you know what to do and what helps you.
Calculate how to lower your heart rate. Count slowly and try to count as one thousand, two thousand, one thousand, three, one thousand as standard …
Withdraw. Lying on your back and raising your legs. This position opens the diaphragm and promotes blood respiration and oxygenation.
Placing your feet on pillows or other objects may help maintain this position. You can also lie on the floor with your feet on the sofa or chair.
Inhale deeply and inhale constantly. When you have a heart attack, you usually breathe fast, but the best way to maintain a blood and oxygen supply is to breathe slowly and deeply.
Consider lying in front of an open window, open door, fan, or air conditioner. By constantly supplying fresh air, you can maintain oxygen in your heart.
Do not try cough CPR . There has always been an online saying that you can survive a heart attack just by coughing. This method doesn’t seem to work. To make matters worse, trying these methods can put you at greater risk.
CPR is used to expel a patient who is about to have a complete heart attack to the hospital. This technique should also be performed under the close supervision and direction of a doctor.
Just trying this procedure makes it easier because it can unintentionally stop your heartbeat and make it harder for oxygen to get into your blood.
Avoid food and drink. When you have a heart attack, eating and drinking may be your last thought, but it’s worth remembering that you should avoid food and drink as needed. The inclusion of substances other than aspirin in the system can make it more difficult for emergency care providers to provide appropriate treatment.
If necessary, you can drink water to help aspirin get into your body, but you should avoid it if possible.
Talk to your doctor about what to do next. Once you have a heart attack, you are at increased risk of having a heart attack later. After overcoming your current heart attack, you should talk to your doctor about ways to increase your chances of survival if you have another heart attack.
Your doctor may prescribe certain medications to treat the underlying heart problem. For example, nitroglycerin may be given to help dilate blood vessels and reduce pressure in the arteries. We also try beta-blockers (beta-blockers) that work by blocking hormones that cause stress responses in the heart and surrounding heart tissue .
Your doctor can also give you a bottle of oxygen that you need to breathe when you have a heart attack.
In addition to talking about medicines, you need to talk to your doctor about ways to further reduce your risk of heart disease through diet, exercise, and lifestyle.
Get the Personal Emergency Response System (PERS). A compressor is an electronic device that you can hang around your neck or put in your pocket. If you cannot dial 1-1-2 in the event of a heart attack or other emergency, you can activate this device.
If you have a press, please call 1-1-2 if possible. PRESS is less reliable than a 1-1-2 face-to-face call, and you can get treatment faster by calling 1-1-2.
Also, before you buy a press, you need to do a thorough investigation to determine which press has the best features and is renowned for its reliability.
Prepare a bag of “Travel Essential “. If you are at risk of having a heart attack in the future, keep your medicines and emergency contacts in your bag so you can find them quickly when you go to the hospital.
Place the bag near the easy-to-find door.
Keep a card with medical information in your wallet. Includes doctors and medications including dosage and contact information for relatives, relatives, or caregivers.
Put all over-the-counter medicines in your bag so that emergency physicians and doctors can know what medicines you are taking. It also includes a list of doctors and families that can be contacted in an emergency.