How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

The spread of the new corona virus around the world may make you worry about the respiratory tract that you experience as the COVID-19 disease.

While you’re more likely to get a common respiratory infection like the flu or a cold, it’s a good idea to take it seriously and call your doctor. If you are sick, your doctor will help you get the care you need.

#1. symptom recognition

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly

1. Watch out for dry cough or phlegm. Although COVID-19 is a respiratory infection, its symptoms are not like those of a common cold or flu. Cough is a common symptom of COVID-19 and can occur with or without sputum. Call your doctor if you have a cough and suspect you have COVID-19.

  • You are more likely to get COVID-19 if there is community transmission in the area, you have been in contact with someone who may be infected, or you have traveled to a place with high levels of community transmission.
  • Cover your mouth with a tissue or your elbow to avoid infecting other people. You can also wear a surgical mask to catch any splinter that could infect other people.
  • When sick, stay away from people at high risk of infection and complications, such as the elderly, infants, children, pregnant women, 65 years of age or older, and those taking medications that suppress the immune system.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly

2. Take your temperature to see if you have a fever. This new coronavirus usually causes fever. Use a thermometer to take your temperature, noting if it reaches 38°C or higher, which means you have a fever.

If you have a fever, see your doctor to find out the cause and stay at home without seeking medical attention.

  • When you have a fever, you are more likely to develop an illness. Protect others by staying at home.
  • Remember that fever is a symptom of many diseases. Therefore, a fever does not necessarily mean that you are infected with the corona virus.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

3. Seek immediate medical attention if you have trouble breathing. The last symptom of this new corona virus is shortness of breath. Because breathing problems are always serious, contact your doctor or go to the emergency room to get the treatment you need right away. You may have a serious illness, be it coronavirus or not.

  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), this new coronavirus can cause serious complications such as pneumonia. Seek immediate medical attention if you have trouble breathing.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

4. Pay attention to symptoms of COVID-19 that are rarely visible. While fever, cough, and fatigue are the most common symptoms, some people have other symptoms as well.

Sore throat, headache, loss of smell and taste, body aches, diarrhea, conjunctivitis (red eyes), skin rash, or discoloration of your toes and fingers may be signs that you have COVID-19.

Chills, runny nose, nasal congestion and vomiting are also symptoms of this virus.

  • Your anxiety is natural, but try to remember that if you do not have symptoms of fever, cough and shortness of breath, the chances that you have coronavirus are very small.

#2. seek medical attention

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

1. If you suspect that you have a coronavirus infection, contact your doctor immediately. If you suspect you are ill, take your symptoms seriously, as infection with the corona virus is potentially fatal.

Call your doctor and ask if you need to be tested for coronavirus. Please list your symptoms and recent travel history, and if you have been in contact with anyone who is ill or have been in contact with an infected animal.

Follow your doctor’s advice, go to the hospital for a checkup, or stay home and monitor your symptoms yourself.

  • Tell the medical staff before you arrive at the hospital that you suspect you have the coronavirus. Thus, they can take steps to prevent transmission of the disease to other patients.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

2. Let the doctor examine the coronovirus. If your doctor suspects that you are infected with the coronavirus, they will most likely quarantine you in a specialized hospital during the test. After that, the doctor will contact the Ministry of Health. A doctor or healthcare professional will take a swab or blood sample to test for the corona virus.

  • Depending on the situation, you may be allowed to self-isolate at home. However, there is a high chance that you will be isolated to prevent this virus from spreading to others.
  • Sample analysis may not be possible directly at the hospital, and your sample must be sent to a specialized laboratory.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

3. Self-isolate if you develop symptoms or test positive for COVID-19. If you feel unwell or suspect you have COVID-19, self-isolate at home unless you have severe symptoms requiring hospitalization.

Ask your doctor for instructions on how to care for yourself and try to prevent spreading the disease to others.

  • Tell your doctor about the development of your symptoms. Your doctor may prescribe certain medications for you and recommend hospitalization if necessary.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

4. Seek emergency medical attention if you develop severe symptoms. Although the illness is mild in some cases, COVID-19 can also cause severe respiratory symptoms such as difficulty breathing.

Even if it is not related to COVID-19, difficulty breathing is an emergency. Go to the emergency room or call an ambulance if you or someone you know has any of the following symptoms:

  • difficulty breathing or severe shortness of breath
  • blue lips and face
  • chest pain or pressure
  • Confusion or difficulty answering.

5. Get treated in the hospital if necessary. There are some special treatments for COVID-19 that are only available to patients in hospitals. Generally, you will be advised to receive treatment for COVID-19 in a hospital if you are immunocompromised or if you have severe symptoms. Specific treatments available for COVID-19 include (June 2021):

  • Monoclonal antibodies (which can also be given at low doses to outpatients with COVID-19) to prevent worsening of COVID-19.
  • An antiviral medicine (remdesivir) to slow down the virus and prevent it from spreading to other parts of the body.
  • Convalescent plasma (containing antibodies from recovered patients) can help the body’s immune system respond more effectively to the virus. However, based on current guidelines, there is not enough evidence to recommend this treatment.

#3. self care during illness

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

1. Stay at home until your doctor says you don’t have an infection. By staying at home, you will prevent the spread of the infection to others.

In the meantime, you need plenty of rest to help your body fight infection and recover. While you are infected, stay home, do not go to work or school, and avoid physical activity at home. Try to sleep as much as possible.

  • Ask your doctor when you can do your usual activities. Your doctor may recommend that you wait 10 days or more after your symptoms have gone. ,

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

2. Use over-the-counter medicines to relieve pain and fever. If you are experiencing symptoms such as body aches, headache, or fever, you can relieve them with medications such as paracetamol (Panadol, Sunamol), ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil), or naproxen (Aliv). If you are over 18, you can also take aspirin to relieve pain and fever.

  • Never give aspirin to children or teenagers under the age of 18 because it can cause a deadly condition called Reye’s syndrome.
  • Always follow the dosage instructions on the medication package or as directed by your doctor or pharmacist. Before using any medicine, tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

3. Use a humidifier to relieve your cough . A humidifier can help clear your throat, lungs, and airways. Keep a humidifier near your bed at night and in a place where you often rest during the day.

  • Taking a warm bath or sitting in a tub with hot water taps can also relieve symptoms and loosen mucus in the lung passages and sinuses.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

4. Drink plenty of fluids. You are easily dehydrated when you are sick. While recovering from the coronavirus, continue to drink water, fruit juices, or other fluids to fight dehydration and clear your airways.

  • Warm liquids such as broth, tea, or warm water with lemon can provide great relief from a cough or sore throat.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

5. Stay in self-isolation until your doctor tells you to leave the house. To prevent the spread of the virus, you must stay at home unless you are passing the virus on to others.

Your doctor will let you know when you can return to your normal activities. Check with your doctor before leaving home, even if you feel better.

  • The doctor can double-check that there is still no corona virus in your body.
  • If a coronavirus test is not available, your doctor may allow you to leave your home after you have been symptom-free for at least 72 hours.

 #4. prevention of COVID-19 infection

1. Get vaccinated Join a COVID-19 vaccination program if available. Several types of vaccines have been approved for emergency use in Indonesia and around the world.

Vaccination against COVID-19 in Indonesia is divided into 4 stages based on the availability and timing of vaccination. As a general rule, healthcare workers, public service workers, and older people in high-risk groups are vaccinated first.

  • Several vaccines approved for emergency use in Indonesia are manufactured by Sinovac, AstraZeneca, Sinopharm, Moderna and Pfizer.
  • You probably won’t be able to choose which vaccine you get and when you get the vaccine due to limited availability. However, using the vaccine has shown good protection against COVID-19 infection in trials and greatly reduces your chances of developing severe symptoms and hospitalization.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

2.If you have not been vaccinated, stay home if possible. You’ve probably heard the words “keep your distance” or ” social distance” which means limiting contact with other people.

This action can help prevent community transmission of the corona virus. So remember to only leave the house when you really need to do something, like grocery shopping or work. In the meantime, try to work or study at home as much as possible until you get vaccinated.

  • Limit the number of guests to 10 or fewer at family or social events with people who have not been vaccinated, and keep a distance of about 1.5-2 meters from other people.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

3. If you have not been vaccinated, wear a mask and keep a distance of about 1.5-2 meters from other people in public places. Protect yourself and others by wearing a mask if you need to go to the store, work or do anything else outside the home.

Wear a mask that fits snugly around your nose, mouth, and chin. Also, if possible, try to keep a distance of about 1.5-2 meters from someone who does not live with you.

On the other hand, if you’ve been fully vaccinated, you don’t need to wear a mask or practice social distancing when going out.

  • The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends wearing a mask indoors and in areas with high transmission rates for people who have been vaccinated.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

4. Wash your hands regularly with warm water and soap. Washing your hands is one of the best ways to prevent the spread of coronavirus and other diseases.

Use warm water and soap frequently throughout the day to wash your hands, especially after touching surfaces you pass frequently (such as door latches in public restrooms or trains and rails on buses), as well as potentially infected animals and people. Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds and don’t forget to clean between your fingers.

  • To make sure you wash your hands long enough, try singing “Happy Birthday” while you wash your hands.
  • Use hand sanitizer when soap and water are not available.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

5. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. Respiratory viruses, such as the corona virus, can enter the body through the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, and mouth. You can protect yourself by keeping your hands away from your face, especially before washing them properly.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

6. Wash and disinfect all objects and surfaces that sick people with germs have touched. If you or someone in your family gets sick with the coronavirus, prevent its spread by cleaning everything that comes into contact with it.

Use a solution of 1 cup (250 ml) of bleach to 4 liters of warm water or disinfectant spray to clean. Make sure the surface remains damp for about 10 minutes for the disinfectant to work effectively.

  • If a family member becomes ill in the home, immediately wash dishes or cutlery with hot soapy water. Also wash soiled sheets and pillows with warm water.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

7. Avoid contact with sick people. The corona virus is spread through the sprinkling of an infected person. You can easily inhale these drops when an infected person coughs. If you see someone coughing or telling you they are sick, try to stay away from them. In addition, try to avoid the following transmission routes:

  • Close contact with an infected person, such as hugging, kissing, shaking hands, or being close to them for a long time (such as sitting next to them on a bus or plane).
  • Sharing cups, cutlery, or personal items with an infected person.
  • Touching the eyes, nose, or mouth after touching an infected person.
  • Exposure to infected feces (for example, when you change the diaper of an infected baby or toddler).

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

8. If you are infected, cover your mouth every time you cough or sneeze. People infected with the corona virus can spread the disease through coughing and sneezing.

If you are infected with this virus, you can prevent infecting others by covering your mouth and nose with a tissue, handkerchief, or mask when you cough or sneeze.

  • Throw away the used tissue immediately and then wash your hands with soap and water.
  • If you suddenly cough or sneeze, or if you don’t have a tissue, cover your mouth and nose with your elbow instead of your palm. In this way, you can reduce the spread of the virus by touching objects.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

9. Maintain cleanliness around the animal. Although unlikely, animals can still transmit the coronavirus to humans. In addition, there have also been cases of animals being infected with the virus from humans. Therefore, if you come into contact with any animal, including pets, always be sure to wash your hands thoroughly.

  • Avoid contact with sick animals.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

10. Cook raw meat according to food safety standards. As of June 2021, there is no evidence that COVID-19 can be transmitted by touching or eating food. However, you can get other infections from contaminated or improperly cooked food, especially meat and animal products.

How To Control The Coronavirus correctly (with Pictures)

11. Pay attention to travel warnings if you are planning a trip to another country. If you are planning to travel to another country, first visit the RI travel website to see if there is an active dangerous corona virus in the area you are visiting. You can also visit the CDC or WHO websites for this information. This site can provide advice on personal safety while traveling.

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