If you want to install Linux on your Windows PC via flash disk or boot from a portable version of Linux, you can easily create a bootable Windows 10 flash disk. This article explains how to download the software required to create a Linux flash drive, how to create a bootable flash drive (which can be used for booting), and how to boot the computer from a flash drive rather than a hard disk.
#1. Creating a Removable Linux Disk
1. Download the ISO image file for Ubuntu (or your Linux distribution of choice) . If you want to boot into Linux via flash drive, you must have a file containing the Linux installation ” image”. You can download ISO files for any type of Linux system you want (eg Debian, Linux Mint). The method to create a bootable flash disk is the same.
- Visit https://ubuntu.com/download/desktop and click the download link next to the latest stable version to download the Ubuntu ISO. Ubuntu is perfect for those who want to experience Linux without having to install it. After booting from the flash drive, you can try it first before installing.
- Visit https://www.debian.org/download to download the Debian ISO. The download will start automatically.
- Get the Linux Mint ISO from https://linuxmint.com/download.php. Click the Download button next to the version you want .
- If you want to try Linux without having to install it on your computer’s hard drive, try Puppy Linux. With this version, you can go straight to your Linux desktop. Download the Puppy Linux ISO from https://puppylinux.com/index.html#download.
2. Install Rufus on your computer. This free software can be used to create a bootable flash drive from an ISO image file . Visit https://rufus.ie and download the installer by clicking the link for the type of Rufus you want in “Downloads ” at the bottom of the page .
- When the download is complete, double-click the file that starts with ” rufus ” and ends with ” exe “. Install according to the instructions provided.
- After the installation is complete, you can find Rufus in the Windows menu. If the application does not open automatically after installation is complete, launch Rufus.
3. Connect the flash drive to a USB port on your computer. You must use a blank flash drive as all data will be erased. If necessary, you should make a backup copy on a flash drive .
4. Launch Rufus and select your flash drive. Connecting multiple external drives to your computer may cause Rufus to select the wrong drive. If Rufus selected the wrong drive , click the correct drive in the “Device ” list.
5. Select FreeDOS from the ” boot selection ” menu .This option is located under Select device in. If this option is selected, Rufus will make the flash drive ” bootable” .
- By default , the ” partition system ” and ” target system ” options are filled in automatically and you do not need to change them.
6. Click the Select button and select the downloaded ISO file. The button is located to the right of “Select boot menu “. Locate the ISO file in the default Downloads folder, commonly called Downloads.
7. Leave the other parameters unchanged and click Start . The process of writing the ISO image file to the flash disk begins.
- When prompted to download another file so Rufus can build the ISO, click Yes to continue the process.
8. Select ” Enter in ISO image mode (recommended) ” and click OK. This option is displayed when the “ISO Hybrid Image Detected ” window appears. This means that you can use the same ISO from a bootable DVD or flash drive as needed.
9. Click OK to create the bootableflash disk. During this process, Rufus erases the data on the flash drive and copies the files needed to create abootableWhen the process starts, a statusbar is displayed at the bottom of the window.
When the bootable flash drive is created, the status bar shows ” Ready “. You now have a bootable Linux flash drive.
#2. boot into linux
1. Connect the flash drive and restart your computer. If your computer is set up to boot from a flash drive, it will boot into Linux as soon as you reboot.
- When the computer goes back to Windows 10, proceed with the process to the next step.
- If your computer is set to boot from a flash drive, skip to step 5. The way to enter the BIOS may differ depending on your computer’s motherboard . In most cases, you usually need to press Del , F2 or F10 when the computer restarts . Search using the keywords “computer model” and ” BIOS setup key ” to find the key to press. Alternatively, try booting into BIOS in Windows 10 by following these steps:
- Press Windows key + i to open settings.
- Click Update and Security .
- Click Recovery in the left pane .
- Click Reboot Now . bawah “ Advanced Start “.
- Click on Layar’s Troubleshooting . Select ” option “.
- Click UEFI Firmware Settings and click Restart . The computer will go to BIOS or UEFI.
2. Locate the boot menu . After the computer enters the BIOS, look for a menu called, Boot Options or Boot Order . You may need to go to the Advanced , System , Storage or Configuration menu to find it. What you are looking for is a list of boot devices (eg “ hard disk ” and “ removable devices ” respectively).
3. Set Removable Disk or ” Removable Storage ” as the first option in the boot order. You may need to select ” First Boot Device ” or similar to display the options menu . The goal is to put the flash drive or removable media first in the list so that the computer boots.
4. Save changes and exit BIOS. Do this by pressing F10 or selecting the Save & Exit option. Saving will restart your computer.
5. Install and run Linux. When the computer boots from the flash drive, you will be prompted to select some regional and keyboard settings. If you are using an Ubuntu bootable flash disk, you can choose to try Ubuntu instead of installing it to use it yourself, or install it to your computer’s hard drive. Whatever version of Linux you want to install, the next step is very easy. Just follow the instructions provided to start the process.
- If you are using a Puppy Linux flash drive, your computer will go to a ready-to-use Linux desktop with no installation required.